Pesticide Applicator Certification and Training1
F. M. Fishel2
What Is Pesticide Certification and Training?
Certification is a process that allows a person to qualify to use pesticides (e.g., herbicides, insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, organics, etc.) in the course of his or her occupation. In Florida, the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) administers the certification process.
Training provides instruction on proper pesticide use and handling to individuals who want to obtain or retain certification. In Florida, UF/IFAS Extension primarily conducts pesticide training, but other associations, industry, non-profit organizations, private companies, and federal and state government agencies also provide and assist with training.
The national pesticide applicator certification and training program (C&T) is part of a larger body of federal pesticide laws and regulations, including the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) regulation of restricted-use pesticides.
FIFRA assigns the EPA authority to regulate the manufacture, sale, distribution, and use of pesticides. It also requires anyone purchasing, using, or supervising the use of restricted-use pesticides (RUPs) to be a certified applicator.
EPA must classify the product or some uses of the product as “restricted use” if the product may cause unreasonable adverse effects even when used as directed on the product labeling.
Florida pesticide laws and rules typically encompass the federal statute, but have additional restrictions. More information is available at http://www.flaes.org/.
Goal and Coverage of C&T Programs
The goal of C&T programs is to protect people, property, the food supply, and the environment from both pests and pesticide exposure by ensuring the competence of pesticide applicators.
C&T involves working with professionals who apply pesticides for a variety of purposes, such as the following:
Agricultural or forest production
Nursery and greenhouse production
Control of pests and weeds along highways and railroads
Control of pests and weeds in and around water
Weed and pest management in natural areas
Pest control for public health issues (e.g., West Nile Virus)
Pest and weed management on golf courses and in parks
Treatment of seeds, wood, and poles
Treatment of homes, businesses, schools, restaurants, and hospitals
C&T programs cover the following areas to ensure people seeking certification are well trained:
How to read and follow the pesticide label
Proper and effective use and handling of pesticides
Identification and management of pests such as insects, weeds, plant pathogens, and rodents
Pesticide storage and disposal
Health effects associated with pesticide exposure
Risks of pesticides to human health, the food supply, and the environment
Consequences of pesticide drift, volatility, runoff, and leaching
Environmental protection (e.g., water supply, pollinators, endangered species)
Pesticides are important tools in integrated insect, weed, plant disease, and wildlife management. C&T efforts provide for the judicious, proper use of pesticides as integrated pest management tools.
Who Is Involved?
EPA established minimum standards of competency for pesticide applicators. The agency works with and provides funding to pesticide regulatory agencies in the 50 states, two territories, four tribes, and Washington, D.C., to ensure pesticide applicators are properly certified. EPA also provides funding to university Extension programs through the Pesticide Safety Education Program (PSEP) to support pesticide applicator training.
USDA provides program support and assists in regional and interstate cooperation, working with universities to support the Extension network.
The UF/IFAS Extension Pesticide Safety Education Program (PSEP) trains pesticide applicators to ensure their initial and ongoing competence. UF/IFAS Extension PSEP does this in the following ways:
Develops educational materials for pesticide applicators (e.g., manuals, videos, web pages, presentations)
Develops teaching resources for county UF/IFAS Extension educators
Develops certification exams to ensure that applicators are competent to use pesticides properly and effectively through the exam process, general education, training, and hands-on experience
Conducts recertification training (e.g., web-based tutorials, classes, hands-on workshops, sprayer calibration clinics)
Contributes to state, regional, and national pesticide stewardship dialogue
Serves as speakers for other organizations
FDACS administers the pesticide applicator certification and recertification programs. It works with EPA to ensure the program meets the national standards but can implement stricter requirements. FDACS also supports the UF/IFAS Extension PSEP. FDACS enforces the Florida Pesticide Law, including requirements related to certification to use certain pesticides.
Pesticide applicators are the key stakeholders in the C&T program. Certified applicators are classified in the following ways:
Private (agricultural production on own or employer’s land)
Public (government agency)
Commercial (all others who are not private or public applicators)
In Florida, industry sponsors or participates in initial and/or continuing education programs for applicators, providing stewardship and technical expertise.
Collaboration in C&T
FDACS and the UF/IFAS Extension PSEP work closely to maintain the pesticide applicator certification program. FDACS oversees the exam and certification process, while UF/IFAS Extension PSEP administers exams in its county Extension offices. FDACS and UF/IFAS Extension PSEP often work together in developing exams, manuals, and certification and recertification training programs. UF/IFAS Extension PSEP educators ensure that the training they develop and deliver meets the needs of the FDACS’ certification program. FDACS approves the providers and courses, and often participates in training sessions.
Federal and State Contacts
The following resources can provide information about certification requirements in Florida:
UF/IFAS Extension Pesticide Information Office: http://pested.ifas.ufl.edu/
Certification and Training Assessment Group: http://www.ctaginfo.org
American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators (AAPSE): http://www.aapse.ext.vt.edu
Association of American Pesticide Control Officials (AAPCO): http://www.aapco.org
Association of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials (ASPCRO): http://www.aspcro.org/
US EPA: http://www.epa.gov/pesticides
USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture: http://www.csrees.usda.gov
Fishel, F. M. 2011. Agricultural and Related Pest Control Applicator License Classifications under the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS). PI-59. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi095.
Nesheim, O. N., and F. M. Fishel. 2010. Licensing of Lawn and Ornamental Pesticide Applicators in Florida. PI-7. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi006.
Nesheim, O. N., and F. M. Fishel. 2013. Licensing of Structural Pesticide Applicators in Florida. PI-10. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi059.
Fishel, F. M. 2011. The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) Continuing Education Unit (CEU) System for Certified Pesticide Applicators. PI-40. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi077.
This document is PI247, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date October 2013. Reviewed November 2016. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
F. M. Fishel, professor, Agronomy Department and director, Pesticide Information Office; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.